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LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
The South on the rise
3/21/2013
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The 2013 Human Development Report highlights the progress that countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have made in reducing poverty.

“Countries across Latin America and elsewhere in the developing world have achieved impressive human development gains in recent decades, lifting hundreds of millions of people from poverty and propelling billions more into the ranks of a new global middle class,” says the 2013 Human Development Report, produced by the United Nations Development Programme, or UNDP.

The report entitled “The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World,” released on March 14, provides analysis on more than 40 developing countries — referred to as “the South” — out of 187 nations of the world, that have achieved rapid progress in human development in recent years.

“Economic growth alone does not automatically translate into human development progress,” states UNDP Administrator Helen Clark in the report’s preface. “Pro-poor policies and significant investments in people’s capabilities — through a focus on education, nutrition and health, and employment skills — can expand access to decent work and provide for sustained progress.”

Meanwhile, Heraldo Muñoz, UNDP director for Latin America and the Caribbean, said the report highlights the region, especially Brazil, Chile and Mexico, “considered pioneers in the three main development drivers: more proactive states in development policies, greater integration with global markets and, altogether, exemplary innovation in social policy.”

While the report highlights the human development gains made by the region, it stresses once again that Latin America still has the most unequal distribution of wealth of any region in the world.

“In Brazil, at least a quarter of inequality in earnings is associated with household circumstances, such as parents’ educational attainment, race or ethnicity, or place of birth. Such persistence of income distribution patterns across generations is also evident in Chile and Mexico, although Mexico has seen increased intergenerational mobility in recent years,” the report notes. —Latinamerica Press.

LATIN AMERICA/ THE CARIBBEAN
Human Development Index 2013*

Country
Rank
Overall score**
Barbados
38
0.825
Chile
40
0.819
Argentina
45
0.811
Uruguay
51
0.792
Cuba
59
0.780
Panama
60
0.780
Mexico
61
0.775
Costa Rica
62
0.773
Granada
63
0.770
Antigua and Barbuda
67
0.760
Trinidad & Tobago
68
0.760
Venezuela
71
0.748
Dominicana
72
0.745
Saint Kitts and Nevis
75
0.745
Peru
77
0.741
Brazil
85
0.730
Jamaica
86
0.730
Saint Lucia
88
0.725
Ecuador
89
0.724
Colombia
91
0.719
Dominican Republic
97
0.702
Suriname
105
0.684
El Salvador
107
0.680
Bolivia
108
0.675
Paraguay
111
0.669
Guyana
118
0.636
Honduras
120
0.632
Nicaragua
129
0.599
Guatemala
133
0.581
Haití
161
0.456

*Measures the average achievements in the dimensions of health, education and income
**1-0, with 1 being the highest HDI

Source: UNDP

 


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