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LATIN AMERICA / THE CARIBBEAN
Organic crops are gaining ground
7/12/2012
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Urge promote agroecology, the recovery of traditional practices and fair trade.

Despite being one of the largest food producers in the world, the Latin American and Caribbean region has 209 million people living in poverty—35 percent of its 595 million inhabitants—, of which 81 million suffer from hunger and undernourishment. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, or FAO, in the coming years the food crisis, fueled by inflation and a drop in production, will hit even harder.

Given the tendency of neoliberal governments to favor agribusiness, monoculture, the prioritization of agricultural production for export for which entrepreneurs look to take over productive land and water sources, it is urgent to promote sustainable agroecology, the recovery of traditional practices, as care in handling the soil, avoiding the use of chemicals and applying techniques such as crop rotation, and fair trade
.
—Latinamerica Press.

LATIN AMERICA
Organic crops 2010

Use of organic agricultural land
in the world

Millions
Hectares
%
Permanent grass-land
23.7 million
64
Arable crops
6.1 million
17
No details
4.1 million
11
Permanent crops
2.7 million
7
Other agricultural land
0.4 million
1
Total
37 million
100

 

Key organic permanent crops

Crops
Millions hectares
%
Coffee
0.64
24
Olives
0.50
18.6
Cocoa
0.29
10.8
Nuts
0.26
9.9
Grapes
0.22
8.2
Others
0.79
28.3
Total
2.70
100

 

Key arable crops

Crops
Millions hectares
%
Cereals
2.51
41.2
Green fodder from arable land
2.03
33.3
Oilseeds
0.47
7.7
Protein crops
0.30
4.9
Vegetables
0.27
4.4
Others
0.52
8.5
Total
6.11
100

 

Latin America countries with the largest areas

Country
Organic crops
Millions hectares
Argentina
Grapes
3.4
 
Oilseeds
22.2
 
Olive
4.0
Bolivia
Cocoa
5.2
 
Wild collection and beekeeping
0.83
Brazil
Citrus
9.0
 
Cocoa
15.0
 
Coffee
3.4
 
Protein
12.3
 
Tropical and subtropical fruit
31.0
 
Vegetable
27.7
 
Wild collection and beekeeping
6.2
Chile
Grapes
1.2
 
Olive
3.8
Colombia
Tropical and subtropical fruit
8.1
Costa Rica
Tropical and subtropical fruit
8.6
Dominican Rep.
Cocoa
115.4
 
Coffee
17.1
Ecuador
Cocoa
33.6
 
Tropical and subtropical fruit
8.8
Mexico (2008)
Citrus
14.7
 
Cocoa
185.1
 
Coffee
6.0
 
Tropical and subtropical fruit
46.6
 
Vegetable
35.5
Nicaragua
Coffee
12.2
Peru
Cocoa
28.2
 
Coffee
136.4
 
Tropical and subtropical fruit
7.8

Source: Key results from the survey on organic agriculture worldwide 2012. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Frick, Switzerland, in cooperation with the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM). Prepared by Latinamerica Press. Figures for 2010.


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