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LATIN AMERICA
Citizens campaign for climate change solutions
11/5/2009
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Activists launch campaign to fight global warming.

Millions of people in 180 countries participated in the International Day of Climate Action, with more than 5,000 events around the world to fight climate change.

Called the 350 campaign, which scientists say is the safe parts per million limit for carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the movement aims to build solutions to climate change that enforce justice and shared responsibilities in combating the trend.

In Latin America, 52 social organizations joined the campaign.

The current carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere is 387 parts per million, which according to the United Nations has led to the retreat of Andean glaciers by 30 percent since 1970, desertification of Amazon forests, the loss of tropical species and detrimental changes to rain patterns that threaten water sources.

Some developed nations, however, particularly European ones, consider the maximum limit at 450 parts per million, which could cause irreversible climate changes, and talks to reach a consensus on the issue have stalled.

In December, the United Nations Climate Conference in Copenhagen will be held, in which signatories to the Kyoto Protocol will try to reach an updated agreement that will be applied starting in 2012.

The 1997 Kyoto Protocol, from which the US pulled out, aimed to reduce greenhouse gases by 5 percent from 1990 levels by 2012, which has not occurred in the US and in China, the world´s largest contaminators.

While Latin America and the Caribbean contribute just 4.3 percent of the world´s greenhouse gas emissions — mainly Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela — the region is one of the most susceptible to climate change.
—Latinamerica Press.


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